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Legend has it Robert Johnson sold his soul to the devil in exchange for his talent as a blues musician, but few would hear his music. He mysteriously died at age 27 and didn’t become famous during his lifetime. Even though he only recorded 29 songs, the royalties from his music are in the millions and the law firm which proved who was the rightful heir is still being paid for its services 20 years later.
… Today, Michael Johnson has gone to the Mississippi Supreme Court to appeal the royalty agreement his father struck with attorneys – a deal that paid the attorneys a percentage of Robert Johnson’s royalties for years.
… “To this day they’re still receiving 40 percent of the royalties,” Michael said. “That is not right.
“That contract shouldn’t last forever. It’s time for that to end.”
Michael also said he feels his father didn’t understand the contract with Kitchens and Ellis.
“My Daddy had an 8th-grade education,” Michael Johnson said. “He didn’t know what he was signing. He was a gravel truck driver.”
… The case has now been filed with the Mississippi Supreme Court, but Michael has reservations about that. Jim Kitchens, who was Claud’s attorney and had received contingency fees from the royalties, is a Justice in the court. Even with his recusal, Michael feels his association with the court could impact the decision.
“I want to get a fair shake in the court system about this case,” Michael said. “The outcome is going to affect our family tremendously.”
Read more at the Mississippi Clarion Ledger.
Michael Johnson and his siblings are fighting for their last chance for justice in the Mississippi Supreme Court (Case No. 2018-CA-00260-COA). They are the grandchildren of legendary Mississippi blues artist Robert Johnson.
On June 13, 1991, Claud Johnson – the father of Michael Johnson and the son of legendary bluesman Robert Johnson – entered into a contingency fee contract with attorney James “Jim” Kitchens. Mr. Kitchens is currently a Mississippi Supreme Court Justice. The contingency fee contract provided that James Kitchens would receive “(40%) of any and all sums of money or other benefits which they may recover or obtain” for Claud L. Johnson as a result of his “biological relationship to the late Robert Johnson …” However, the contingency fee contract did not provide a specific time period by which the contract would be fully performed. The contract also did not specify that it would continue after the death of Claud Johnson. The contingency fee contract did not state that the heirs of Claud Johnson would actually be bound by the contract after his death.
Claud Johnson only had an 8th grade education at the time that he signed the contingency contract with James Kitchens. At no time did James Kitchens explain to Claud Johnson or his children that the contingency fee contract would continue after Claud Johnson’s death, nor did Mr. Kitchens explain that he would be entitled to a percentage of music royalties Claud Johnson’s children or grandchildren.
After being judicially declared the biological son of blues artist Robert Johnson, Claud Johnson began receiving royalty payments for Robert Johnson’s music. James Kitchens also began collecting 40% of those royalty payments.
In 2008, Claud Johnson and his children met with James Kitchens to discuss the contingency fee contract and the royalty disbursements. Claud Johnson did not believe that it was fair to continuing paying James Kitchens 40% of the music royalties, which was way too much considering the case had been over for such a long time. Although Claud Johnson wanted to terminate the contingency fee contract, James Kitchens refused to do so and he continued to take 40% of the royalty payments.
On January 31, 2009, James Kitchens sold the contingency fee contract with Claud Johnson to Mr. Kitchens’ 2 children, Daniel W. Kitchens and John W. Kitchens. Thereafter, James Kitchens’ two children began collecting 40% of the music royalties. Altogether, James Kitchens and his 2 sons have pocketed close to $2.2 million from the music royalty disbursements over the past 27 years.
On June 30, 2015, Claud L. Johnson passed away. After his death, Claud Johnson’s Last Will and Testament was admitted to probate in the Chancery Court of Copiah County, Mississippi. Interestingly enough, the Claud Johnson’s Will had been prepared by John Kitchens. The Will directed all music royalty payments and other property interests to Claud Johnson’s children in specific percentages or amounts. The Will did not grant any future royalty payments to James Kitchens or his 2 sons. As a result, Claud Johnson’s children did not believe that John Kitchens was entitled to any future royalty payments. John Kitchens does not represent Claud Johnson’s children, nor does he have any legal agreement with them concerning any royalty payments.
Nonetheless, on September 18, 2017, the Chancery Court of Copiah County ruled that the Kitchens Law Firm was entitled to 40% of all music royalty payments and other property that is currently a part of the Estate of Claud Johnson, as well as 40% of all future royalty payments and property. The chancery court’s ruling was subsequently appealed to the Mississippi Court of Appeals.
On August 27, 2019, the Mississippi Court of Appeals affirmed the prior decision of the Chancery Court of Copiah County. Thereafter, Michael Johnson and the Estate of Claud Johnson filed a Petition for Writ of Certiorari with the Mississippi Supreme Court, which asks the Supreme Court to overturn the prior decision of the Court of Appeals. This case involves an issue of first impression that has never been specifically addressed by the Mississippi Supreme Court: whether Mississippi law permits an attorney’s contingency fee contract to last in perpetuity and bind the client’s successors and their descendants forever? If the Supreme Court fails to act and overturn the Court of Appeals’ prior decision, then it will have a chilling effect on Claud Johnson’s children, grandchildren and future generations to come. Under such a nightmare scenario, John Kitchens would be entitled to collect 40% of all royalty payments or any other business transactions for the next 50-100 years or potentially forever.
On behalf of the Johnson family and the Estate of Claud Johnson, I pray that the Mississippi Supreme Court will be color blind and give us the justice that we deserve, and that it will not consider the fact that James Kitchens is currently sitting on the Supreme Court. No one should be allowed to take advantage of our family. I have never believed or agreed that the contingency fee contract continued after my father’s death. My father never intended to bind his children and great grandchildren to the contingency fee contract, nor did he ever imagine that he was signing any sort of contract that would bind our family potentially forever. My father did not even believe that the contingency fee contract should have continued during his lifetime, much less extended until the end of time after his death. It seems totally unfair and unjust for John Kitchens to be able to collect 40% of a movie deal on the life of Robert Johnson, which may happen to be negotiated by my grandchildren 50-60 years from now, without any role or assistance whatsoever from Mr. Kitchens.
The Kitchens have received over 2 Million dollars, and there is no way they should still be receiving royalty payments from me and my siblings or from our grandkids in the decades to come. We as a people depend on our justice system to be fair. How is any of this fair? Hopefully the Johnson family will finally see justice, and we sincerely hope and pray that the Supreme Court’s future decision in this case will not be based on the fact that John Kitchens’ dad sits on that court.
Remembering Robert Johnson, The King of The Delta Blues – born today in 1911. Listen: https://LegacyRecordings.lnk.to/
Have you seen ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads on Netflix yet? Watch the official trailer and listen below to hear why Robert Johnson is one of the greatest influences on rock & roll.
Premiering today on Netflix, ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads takes a look at the legend of Robert Johnson, with Keith Richards, Taj Mahal, Keb’ Mo’ and Bonnie Raitt, among others, weighing in on the Delta bluesman’s musical impact.
Hear for yourself why Robert Johnson is one of the greatest influences on rock & roll: https://legacyrecordings.lnk.to/RobertJohnsonCentennialCollection
Photo: An image from ReMastered: Devil at the Crossroads. Courtesy of Netflix.